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Pauls Valley, Oklahoma

Coordinates: 34°44′16″N 97°13′51″W / 34.73778°N 97.23083°W / 34.73778; -97.23083
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Pauls Valley, Oklahoma
Water tower in Pauls Valley
Water tower in Pauls Valley
Location of Pauls Valley, Oklahoma
Location of Pauls Valley, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°44′16″N 97°13′51″W / 34.73778°N 97.23083°W / 34.73778; -97.23083
CountryUnited States
 • Total8.49 sq mi (21.99 km2)
 • Land8.32 sq mi (21.56 km2)
 • Water0.17 sq mi (0.43 km2)
Elevation873 ft (266 m)
 • Total5,992
 • Density719.85/sq mi (277.94/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code405
FIPS code40-57550[3]
GNIS feature ID2411387[2]
Kerr-McGee Service Station in Pauls Valley, 1982

Pauls Valley is a city in and the county seat of Garvin County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 5,992 at the 2020 census, a decline of 3.2 percent from the figure of 6,187 in 2010.[4] It was settled by and named for Smith Paul, a North Carolina native who married a Chickasaw woman and became a citizen of the Chickasaw Nation before the Civil War. The town economy is largely based on agriculture and oil production.[5]


The area that eventually became the city of Pauls Valley was one of the earliest European-American settlements in what was then known as Indian Territory. Smith Paul, born in 1809 in New Bern, North Carolina, discovered the fertile bottom land which is now Pauls Valley while a member of a wagon train traveling to California. Paul described the land as "a section where the bottom land was rich and blue stem grass grew so high that a man on horseback was almost hidden in its foliage."[5]

The Tri-Party Treaty of January 1, 1837, ceded this part of what is now the State of Oklahoma to the Chickasaw Nation. When the Chickasaw people were relocated to Indian Territory that year, Smith Paul moved with them and married Ela-Teecha, a Chickasaw woman. In 1847, the Pauls established a plantation on the rich Garvin County bottom land, where Rush Creek joined the Washita River, which became known to locals as "Smith Paul's Valley".[6] Mail to the Pauls was often addressed to "Smith Paul's Large Farm". By 1871, postal service was established in the area, although the post office was designated "Paul's Valley, Arkansas", because the Indian Territory was being administered out of Arkansas at that time.[7]

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (a.k.a. Santa Fe Railway) shortened the name to "Paul's Valley" when it built a track through the community in 1887, completing its connection between Kansas and the Gulf Coast. The railroad brought growth and prosperity to Smith Paul's Valley. The first newspaper was published in 1887. The Pauls Valley town site was laid out in 1892, though the plat was not approved by the Dawes Commission until 1903.

At the time of its founding, Pauls Valley was located in Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation.[8]

A U.S. courthouse was built in 1895. The first white school in Indian Territory was established, and brick buildings were built downtown. In 1909, the streets were bricked.[9] Today, Pauls Valley has more brick streets—17,986 square yards (15,039 m2)—than any other town in the United States.[10]

From 1948–1954, Pauls Valley was home to the Pauls Valley Raiders, a minor league baseball team. The Pauls Valley Raiders were a member of the Class D Sooner State League and an affiliate of the New York Giants (1952–1953). The Pauls Valley Raiders played at Wacker Park.[11][12]

When the Santa Fe Railway discontinued its Lone Star route in 1979, the 1905 building fell into disuse. By 1985, the railroad had obtained a permit to raze the old depot. Adrienne Grimmet, who was then president of the Pauls Valley Historical Society, started a campaign to save the old structure. Her efforts resulted in the city's buying the depot and turning it over to the historical society for conversion into a museum. Individuals donated their time and skills, and local businesses either donated or discounted the cost of materials to perform the necessary renovations, which began in 1991.[13]

In 1999, Amtrak began its Heartland Flyer service between Oklahoma City and Fort Worth, passing through Pauls Valley. City officials agreed to build a new waiting room for Amtrak passengers adjacent to the old depot. The new Pauls Valley station has a climate-controlled waiting area and restrooms, but is unstaffed, having no ticketing or baggage handling facilities. It also has a 10-car parking lot outside. The architecture was designed to be compatible with the old Santa Fe-style building.[13]

The Oklahoma Cartoonists Hall of Fame, located in the Toy and Action Figure Museum, was opened in Pauls Valley in 2005.[14]


Pauls Valley is located east of the center of Garvin County. It is 57 miles (92 km) south of Oklahoma City, at the junction of Interstate 35 and State Highway 19.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.7 square miles (22.6 km2), of which 8.6 square miles (22.2 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km2), or 1.90%, is water.[15] The Washita River, a tributary of the Red River, flows through the city north of the downtown area.

The Pauls Valley City Lake, located about 3 miles (5 km) northeast of the center of town, offers recreational opportunities, including fishing, camping, swimming, Jet Skiing, hunting, and a pavilion for groups to use.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were over 6,000 people, 2,475 households, and 1,591 families residing in the city. The population density was 749.9 inhabitants per square mile (289.5/km2). There were 3,007 housing units at an average density of 360.4 per square mile (139.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.27% White, 5.29% African American, 7.40% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.47% from other races, and 3.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.53% of the population.

There were 2,475 households, out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.4% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,654, and the median income for a family was $32,348. Males had a median income of $27,014 versus $18,965 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,553. About 12.9% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over.


Agricultural is the primary economic activity in the Pauls Valley area. Corn, wheat, hay, and cotton have been grown successfully in the region, and cattle production is a major activity. Petroleum industry services is the second largest activity in the region. The nearby Golden Trend oil and gas field is still one of the major producing fields in Oklahoma. In more recent years, the town has attracted some light manufacturing plants such as plastics products.[7]

Established in 1921, the Pauls Valley Chamber of Commerce is today a 200-member business association with the mission of advancing the commercial, industrial, educational, civic, general business and cultural climate of Pauls Valley. It is a partner with businesses active on the I-35 corridor of central Oklahoma. Pauls Valley is located on Exits 70 and 72.

Major employers include Walmart Distribution Center, Walmart Supercenter, Pauls Valley Public Schools, Amor Flexibles North America, Seth Wadley Auto Group, Covercraft, Garvin County Community Living Center, and the City of Pauls Valley. Pauls Valley is also the home of Field's Pies, which are sold in grocery stores across Oklahoma and surrounding states.


Pauls Valley Public Schools provides basic education through high school for Pauls Valley.[17]

Public schools:

  • Pauls Valley High School
  • Pauls Valley Junior High School
  • Pauls Valley Elementary School
  • Pauls Valley Intermediate School



The Pauls Valley station is one of only five Amtrak passenger stations still operating in Oklahoma. It shares property with the railroad station that was originally built by the Santa Fe Railroad in 1905. The Amtrak facility handles two trains per day (the Heartland Flyer). Amtrak does not provide either ticketing or baggage services at this station.[13]


Pauls Valley Municipal Airport (PVJ) is a city-owned, general aviation facility located 2 miles (3 km) south of the Pauls Valley business district.[a] The street address is 500 Airport Road. The airport is open Monday through Friday between 8:00 AM and 5:00 PM Central Time.[19]


Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ PVJ is the FAA Identifier Code. There is no ICAO identifier for this facility.[18]


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "City of Pauls Valley". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved October 10, 2023.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ Census:Viewer:Pauls Valley, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Lough, D. Keith. "Garvin County". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Archived from the original on May 28, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
  6. ^ "Pauls Valley, Oklahoma". LASR. 2009. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  7. ^ a b c Tower, Michael. "Pauls Valley". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
  8. ^ Charles Goins, Historical Atlas of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2006), plate 105.
  9. ^ "Pauls Valley Historical Society". Pauls Valley Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
  10. ^ "Pauls Valley". Heartland Flyer. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  11. ^ "Wacker Park in Pauls Valley, OK history and teams on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  12. ^ "Parks – Pauls Valley, Oklahoma".
  13. ^ a b c "Pauls Valley, OK (PVL)". The Great American Stations. Amtrak. Retrieved May 25, 2024.
  14. ^ Bru-Hed (December 12, 2005). "New Cartoonists Hall of Fame Collection & Museum!". Comics Buyer's Guide. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
  15. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Pauls Valley city, Oklahoma". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 23, 2017.[dead link]
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  17. ^ "Pauls Valley Public Schools". Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  18. ^ "Airline and Airport Code Search." Accessed October 30, 2016.
  19. ^ "Pauls Valley Muni" AirportIQ5010. September 15, 2016 Accessed October 30, 2016.
  20. ^ "Greyhound Bus Stations in Oklahoma". Greyhound. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  21. ^ Henry E. Chambers, History of Louisiana, Vol. 2 (Chicago and New York City: The American Historical Society, Inc., 1925, p. 71)
  22. ^ "Roger Eason Stats". Pro-Football-Reference.com.
  23. ^ "Stanford University's Official Athletic Site - Football". www.gostanford.com. Archived from the original on August 10, 2011.

External links[edit]